Leaves and flowers. Photo I.Holliday

Flowers. Photo W.R.Barker

Brown-streaked fruits. Photo W.R.Barker

Fruits; note apex and outgrowths. Photo W.R.Barker


Hakea teretifolia (Salisb.) Britten subsp. hirsuta (Endl.) R.M.Barker, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 13: 105 (1990)

Hakea pugioniformis R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 179 (1810); Hakea pugioniformis hirsuta Endl., Gen. Pl. Suppl. 4(2): 85 (1848). T: Port Dalrymple, [Tas.], 1804, R.Brown Iter Austral. 381; syn: BM p.p.

Hakea parilis Salisb., in J.Knight, Cult. Prot. 106 (1809). T: 'Comm. Sir Thomas Gage. Grows wild near Port Dalrymple.... Discovered by Colonel Paterson'; holo: not located.


Erect, much-branched or compact and spreading shrub, 1–4 m tall. Young axillary branchlets densely tomentose, some hairs appressed; hairs white or dirty brown; terminal branchlets more quickly glabrous, while remaining densely pubescent at their base, glabrescent by flowering. Leaves rigid, terete, sometimes flattened when young, 0.5–7.7 cm long, 0.8–1.7 mm wide.

Inflorescence with 4, 6 or 8 flowers; involucre 4.5–6.5 mm long; pedicels 2.5–4 mm long, densely tomentose, with some hairs appressed; hairs white or cream-yellow, extending onto perianth. Perianth 3.7–5.5 mm long, white or cream-white. Pistil 9–17 mm long, deflexed; pollen presenter 0.8–1 mm long.

Fruit narrowly ovate to lanceolate with an obliquely transverse, irregularly-toothed crest c. 1/3 distance from base, 1.6–2.7 cm long, 0.5–0.9 cm wide, finely black-pusticulate or smooth, dark brown-streaked, long-apiculate (often broken); apiculum 6–9 mm long. Seed narrowly elliptic, 11–15 mm long; wing light or dark brown.

Distribution and ecology

Damp areas in mainly coastal heaths from Sydney N.S.W. to Tas. with a disjunct occurrence in the Grampians in western Vic.

To plot an up to date distribution map based on herbarium collections for this species see Australia's Virtual Herbarium. Localities outside the native range may represent cultivated or naturalised records.

Flowering time

Flowers Nov.–Feb.

Derivation of name

From hirsutus, Latin for hirsute or covered with long, more or less erect hairs, a reference to the hair covering on the pedicels and perianths of this species.



Part of Section Hakea of Bentham (as Euhakea) and characterised by a non-conical pollen presenter, leaves without obvious venation, perianths with or without hairs and fruits with or without horns. Barker et al. (1999) recognised a number of informal morphological groups within the section.

H. teretifolia was treated as as a single member of its own named group, next to the Rostrata group, by Barker et al. (1999). While it lacks the sigmoid fruits of the Rostrata group, the straight fruits that is does possess have characteristics suggesting a relationship to the Rostrata group fruits; H. teretifolia shares the mostly needle leaves, pubescent perianths and oblique pollen presenters of that group.

Representative specimens

New South Wales: c. 5 km W of Majors Ck, L.A.S.Johnson NSW98419 (NSW); Jervis Bay, F.A.Rodway s.n. (NSW). Vic.: Moora Rd, Grampians, D.E.Symon 1833 (AD, NE). Tas.: between Douglas R. and Bicheno, N.T.Burbidge 3121 (CANB, HO).


Link to PlantNET treatment for NSW.

There are images of this sub-species in the Key to Tasmanian Plants pages.

This species features in Louisa Anne Meredith's 1891 Wooden Fruits painting, a copy of which is projected on the State Library of Tasmania’s Tasmanian Images.

Further illustrations

I. Holliday, Hakeas. A Field and Garden Guide 204-5 (2005).