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Habit, right foreground. Ardath, WA. Photo I. Holliday

Fruits and leaves. Photo I. Holliday

Fruits and leaves. Photo I. Holliday

Synonymy

Hakea kippistiana Kippist & Meisn., Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 7: 115 (1855)

Hakea leucoptera var. kippistiana (Kippist & Meisn.) F.Muell. ex J.M.Black, Fl. S. Australia 161 (1924). T: [Mullean, Mt Stirling and Mt Caroline area, S of Tammin], Swan River Colony, [W.A.], s.d., J.Drummond V, Suppl. no. 14; syn: B, BM, CGE, G, K, MEL, NSW, P.

[Hakea tephrosperma auct. non R.Br.; C.D.F.Meisner, Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 207 (1852)]

[Hakea leucoptera auct. non R.Br.: F.J.H. von Mueller, Fragm. 6: 219 (1868)]

Description

Spreading multi-stemmed woody shrub 1–3 m high, or single-stemmed to 5 m high, lignotuberous. Branchlets appressed-pubescent, with white and ferruginous hairs, quickly glabrescent apart from white appressed hairs at leaf bases. Leaves terete, not grooved, 2.5–7.5 cm long, 1–1.5 mm wide, initially with white and ferruginous appressed hairs, quickly glabrescent; apex usually somewhat uncinate (not quite as markedly as H. tephrosperma).

Inflorescence of 8–26 flowers; rachis 3–6.5 mm long, simple but with potential to branch from ferruginous bud on rachis, densely appressed- to ±raised-pubescent with ferruginous hairs, sometimes mixed with white hairs; pedicels 2.5–3 mm long, sparsely appressed-pubescent, with hairs predominantly white. Perianth 2.5–3 mm long; claw glabrous except at very base; limb with sparse white-appressed hairs. Pistil 7–7.5 mm long.

Fruit 19–23 mm long, 7–12.5 mm wide, ±smooth, grey or grey-black; beak oblique, comprising c. 1/3 length of fruit; horns eroded. Seed 14–16.5 mm long, 6–7 mm wide; wing decurrent 1/2–3/4 way down one side of seed body only, light brown to grey-yellow.

Distribution and ecology

Occurs in central-southern W.A. from Cowcowing and Cunderdin to Lake Bryde and east to near Rawlinna and Madura, usually in sandy areas associated with salt lakes.

To plot an up to date distribution map based on herbarium collections for this species see Australia's Virtual Herbarium. Localities outside the native range may represent cultivated or naturalised records.

Flowering time

Flowers Nov.–Feb.

Derivation of name

Named after Richard Kippist, librarian of the Linnean Society in the middle 19th Century. Kippist had a keen interest in Australian plants  and provided extra details to Carl Meisner (author of the de Candolle Prodromus treatment of Proteaceae in 1856) on collections in his care.

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Relationships

Part of Section Hakea of Bentham (as Euhakea) and characterised by a non-conical pollen presenter, leaves without obvious venation, perianths with or without hairs and fruits with or without horns. Barker et al. (1999) recognised a number of informal morphological groups within the section.

H. kippistiana was treated as part of the Sericea group, a predominantly eastern states group characterised by their simple terete leaves, few-flowered inflorescences, hairy pedicels and solitary, prominently woody fruits, these often markedly verrucose or pusticulate and usually with horns.

Other members of the group are H. actites, H. constablei, H. decurrens, H. gibbosa, H. leucoptera, H. lissosperma, H. macraeana, H. macrorrhyncha, H. ochroptera, H. sericea and H. tephrosperma, predominantly from the eastern states of Australia.  

Representative specimens

W.A.: c. 16 km ESE of Mt Buraminya, W.Archer 206903 (AD); Cowcowing, M.Koch 980 (NSW, PERTH).

Weblinks

Link to FloraBase treatment of this species for WA.

Further illustrations

J.Young, Hakeas of W. Australia, Botanical District of Avon 15, 56 (1997)

J.A..Young, Hakeas of Western Australia. A Field and Identification Guide 55 (2006)