Habit and habitat. Photo © W.R.Barker

Fruits, flowers and leaves. Photo © I. Holliday

Fruits and leaves. Photo © W.R.Barker


Hakea florulenta Meisn., Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 7: 116 (1855)

T: about Moreton Bay, Qld, 1850–1851, Mr Strange s.n.; ?holo: NY; iso: CGE (Herb. Henslow), K.

An image of the NY type specimen of Mr Strange can be seen on the New York Botanical Garden site.

Hakea mimosoides A.Cunn. ex Meisn., in A.L.P.P. de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 416 (1856). T: circa Redcliff Point, prope Moreton Bay, [Qld], Sept. 1824, A.Cunningham s.n.; syn: B, BM, K.

Hakea amplifolia Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 229 (1919). T: Woodburn, N.S.W., Oct. 1896, W.Bäuerlen per R.T.Baker s.n.; holo: LY; iso: NSW 112288.


Low erect shrub to 1.5 (–2) m high, lignotuberous. Leaves oblanceolate to narrowly oblanceolate, 6–13 cm long, (8–) 14–30 mm wide, usually obtuse, more rarely acute or acuminate, blackened apically but scarcely mucronate, moderately appressed-sericeous with white and ferruginous hairs when young, rapidly glabrescent. Involucral buds 1.5 mm long, externally pubescent.

Inflorescence 1–4 umbels of 14–20 white flowers per axil, often arising on old rachises in lower axils; rachis 3–4 mm long; pedicels 4–7.5 mm long. Perianth 3.5–4 mm long. Pistil 7–10 mm long.

Fruit obliquely elliptic, 2–2.6 cm long, 0.6–1.2 cm wide in median view, black-pusticulate; pusticules raised but rarely tuberculate, and if so, only to 1 mm high; beak pusticulate; red-brown wood zone 0.5–0.7 mm wide at widest point. Seed 16–18 mm long.

Distribution and ecology

Occurs in coastal areas of south-eastern Qld and northern N.S.W., from Bundaberg south to Grafton; grows in open forest, often associated with Melaleuca, on sand or sandstone, sometimes in poorly drained flats.

To plot an up to date distribution map based on herbarium collections for this species see Australia's Virtual Herbarium. Localities outside the native range may represent cultivated or naturalised records.

Flowering time

Flowers Sept.–Dec.

Derivation of name

From florulentus, Latin for profusely flowering.



Part of Section Hakea of Bentham (as Euhakea) and characterised by a non-conical pollen presenter, leaves without obvious venation, perianths with or without hairs and fruits with or without horns. Barker et al. (1999) recognised a number of informal morphological groups within the section.

H. florulenta was treated as part of the Salicifolia group, an eastern states group characterised by their simple flat leaves, few-flowered inflorescences, glabrous pedicel and perianth and erect fruits, these markedly verrucose or pusticulate and usually with horns.

The only members of this group are H. florulenta and H. salicifolia.

Representative specimens

Qld: Caloundra, S.T.Blake 4188 (BRI); near W shore of L. Weyba, 5 km S of Noosaville, W.E.Fisher 176 (BRI, CANB); 10 km N of Helidon, B.Muffet M5/308 (CANB). N.S.W.: 30 km N of Grafton on Coaldale Rd, J.B.Williams s.n. (NE).


Link to PlantNET treatment for NSW.


More photographs of this species can be seen on the Australian National Botanic Gardens site.

Further illustrations

I. Holliday, Hakeas. A Field and Garden Guide 188-9 (2005).