Electronic Flora of South Australia Species Fact Sheet
Phylum Rhodophyta – Class Florideophyceae – Order Gigartinales – Family Kallymeniaceae
Selected citations: Fuhrer et al. 1981: pl. 43. Harvey 1860a: 324; 1863, synop.: xliii. Lucas & Perrin 1947: 159, fig. 30. Womersley 1950: 168. Womersley & Norris 1971: 38, figs 72–76, 105.
Fucus lambertii Turner 1819: 96, pl. 237.
Sphaerococcus lambertii (Turner) C. Agardh 1822: 302; 1824: 232.
Rhodomenia lambertii (Turner) Greville 1830: p. xlviii.
Rhodymenia (Callophyllis) lambertii (Turner) Greville ex Hooker & Harvey 1847: 405.
Rhodocladia lambertii (Turner) Sonder 1853: 679. Kützing 1869: 12, pl. 32d, e.
Thallus (Fig. 80C) dark red, mostly 15–40 cm high, robust, usually much branched in one plane with one to several strongly developed and often basally denuded axes, branching irregularly lateral, occasionally subdichotomous, with fastigiate to flabellate tufts above and with numerous short, irregular, often spinous laterals on the axes and branches; branching mostly at intervals of less than 1 cm; denuded or damaged axes or branches commonly proliferous, especially in second season growth; lower axes (2–) 4–10 (–15) mm broad, thickened in older plants, tapering gradually to the ultimate branchlets (Fig. 81C) which are commonly basally constricted and over 1 (normally over 2) mm broad within 1 mm of the apex, being somewhat spathulate but often with several marginal prongs or divisions; substance cartilaginous, only slightly adhering to paper on drying. Holdfast discoid, 2–10 mm across; epilithic. Structure. Thallus (Fig. 81D) usually 300–400 µm thick near the apices, 500–800 µm thick below and becoming about 1 mm thick near the base, consisting of a medulla of large, often thick-walled, ovoid cells, 3–5 across the thallus, with intermixed smaller ovoid to elongate cells; cortex of several layers of irregularly subspherical to ovoid cells, smaller outwards, with the outermost cells in surface view fairly closely packed, isodiametric to elongate and 2–4 µm long.
Reproduction: Sexual thalli dioecious. Carpogonial branch systems (Fig. 81E) formed in the outer medulla, 60–100 µm across when mature, monocarpogonial with 2–3 subsidiary cells and all cells much lobed except the elongate second cell of the carpogonial branch. Fusion cell (Fig. 81F) developing gonimoblast filaments directly. Carposporophyte with numerous groups of subspherical to ovoid carposporangia (14–20 µm in diameter) separated by gonimoblast filaments; mature cystocarps 1–1.5 mm in diameter (Fig. 81C), usually moderately swollen but not protruding, becoming ostiolate, situated a few millimetres below the apices. Male thalli (Fig. 81G) with spermatangia forming soil on the flat surface of young branches, 1.5–3 µm across in surface view.
Tetrasporangia (Fig. 81D) scattered in the outer cortex, 35–40 µm long and 17–25 µm in diameter, cruciately divided.
Type from "Coast of New Holland" (King); type not located in K or BM.
Selected specimens: Head of Great Australian Bight, S. Aust., drift (Womersley, 4.ii.1954; AD, A19211). Elliston, S. Aust., drift (Womersley, 27.ii.1959; AD, A22197). Topgallant I., S. Aust., 35 m deep (Branden, 2.vii.1987; AD, A57570). Pearson I., S. Aust., 35 m deep (Shepherd, 7.i.1969; AD, A34012). Pondalowie Bay, S. Aust., drift (Kraehenbuehl, 4.i.1963; AD, A59545). Seal Bay, Kangaroo I., S. Aust., drift (Womersley, 22.xi.1968; AD, A32989). Port Elliot, S. Aust., drift (Womersley, 24.vii.1949; AD, A11097). Robe, S. Aust., drift (Womersley, 7.ii.1970; AD, A35173). Garden Beach, Portland Bay, Vic., drift (Beauglehole, 18.viii.1951; AD, A21716). Walkerville, Vic., drift (Sinkora A1538, 23.ii.1972; AD, A42277). Low Head, Tas. (Perrin 426, Aug. 1928; AD, A49721). Eddystone, Tas. (Perrin 432, Nov. 1949; AD, A49737). Lady Bay, Southport, Tas., 3–5 m deep (Brown & Womersley, 28.x.1982; AD, A56527).
Distribution: New Zealand (?).
Head of the Great Australian Bight, S. Aust., to Walkerville, Vic., and around Tasmania.
Taxonomic notes: Typical, well-developed plants of C. lambertii are readily recognised as distinct from typical C. rangiferina. Young plants, however, are less readily separated, and intergrades between the typical plants of these species are common. While it is possible that only one very variable taxon should be recognised, it seems best on present knowledge to recognise the two species with fairly frequent intergrades.
Although no type specimen has been located, Turner's original figure is fairly typical of the species.
C. lambertii was recorded with doubt from New Zealand by Laing (1927, p. 153; 1939, p. 146), and by Chapman & Parkinson (1974, p. 218) with two forms; f. lambertii is doubtfully the same as the Australian species and f. calliblepharoides (J. Agardh)Parkinson is probably specifically distinct.
AGARDH, C.A. (1822). Species Algarum. Vol. 1, Part 2, pp. 169–398. (Berling: Lund.)
AGARDH, C.A. (1824). Systema Algarum. (Berling: Lund.)
AGARDH, J.G. (1851). Species Genera et Ordines Algarum. Vol. 2, Part 1, 1–336 + index. (Gleerup: Lund.)
AGARDH, J.G. (1876). Species Genera et Ordines Algarum. Vol. 3, Part 1 - Epicrisis systematis Floridearum, pp. i-vii, 1–724. (Weigel: Leipzig.)
AGARDH, J.G. (1901). Species Genera et Ordines Algarum. Vol. 3, Part 4, pp. 1–149. (Gleerup: Lund.)
CHAPMAN, V.J. & PARKINSON, P.G. (1974). The marine algae of New Zealand. Part DI: Rhodophyceae. Issue 3: Cryptonemiales. (Cramer: Germany.)
FUHRER, B., CHRISTIANSON, I.G., CLAYTON, M.N. & ALLENDER, B.M. (1981). Seaweeds of Australia. (Reed: Sydney.)
GREVILLE, R.K. (1830). Algae Britannicae. (Maclachlan & Stewart: Edinburgh.)
HARVEY, W.H. (1860a). Algae. In Hooker, J.D., The Botany of the Antarctic Voyage. 111. Flora Tasmaniae. Vol. II, pp. 321–343, Plates 185–196.
HARVEY, W.H. (1863). Phycologia Australica. Vol. 5, Plates 241–300, synop., pp. i-lxxiii. (Reeve: London.)
HOOKER, J.D. & HARVEY, W.H. (1847). Algae Tasmanicae. Lond. J. Bot. 6, 397–417.
KÜTZING, F.T. (1869). Tabulae Phycologicae. Vol. 19. (Nordhausen.)
LAING, R.M. (1927). A reference list of New Zealand marine algae. Trans. Proc. N.Z. Inst. 57, 126–185.
LAING, R.M. (1939). New Zealand Seaweeds - Reference list No. H. The Rhodophyceae -Part A. (Bangiales, Némalionales, Cryptonemiales, and Gigartinales). Trans. Proc. R. Soc. N.Z. 69, 134–164.
LUCAS, A.H.S. & PERRIN, F. (1947). The Seaweeds of South Australia. Part 2. The Red Seaweeds. (Govt Printer: Adelaide.)
SONDER, O.W. (1853). Plantae Muellerianae. Algae. Linnaea 25, 657–709.
TURNER, D. (1819). Fuci sive Plantarum Fucorum Generi a Botanicis Ascriptarum Icones Descriptiones et Historia. Vol. 4, pp. 1–153, Plates 197–258. (London.)
WOMERSLEY, H.B.S. & NORRIS, R.E. (1971). The morphology and taxonomy of Australian Kallymeniaceae (Rhodophyta). Aust. J. Bot. Suppl. 2, pp. 1–62.
WOMERSLEY, H.B.S. (1950). The marine algae of Kangaroo Island. III. List of Species 1. Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 73, 137–197.
The Marine Benthic Flora of Southern Australia Part IIIA complete list of references.
Womersley, H.B.S. (14 January, 1994)
The Marine Benthic Flora of Southern Australia
Rhodophyta. Part IIIA, Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (to Gigartinales)
Reproduced with permission from The Marine Benthic Flora of Southern Australia Part IIIA 1994, by H.B.S. Womersley. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. Copyright Commonwealth of Australia.
Illustrations in Womersley Part IIIA, 1994: FIGS 80C, 81 C–G.
Figure 80 enlarge
Fig. 80. A. Austrophyllis harveyana (MEL, 1005978). Habit. B. Callophyllis cervicornis (AD, A27853). Habit. C. Callophyllis lambertii (AD, A35173). Habit. D, E. Callophyllis rangiferina. (D, AD, A35635; E, AD, A34855). D. Habit. E. Transverse section of thallus and cystocarp. [A–E as in Womersley & Norris 1971.]
Figure 81 enlarge
Fig. 81. A, B. Callophyllis cervicornis (MEL, 1005962). A. Branch apices with cystocarps. B. Carpogonial branch system. C–G. Callophyllis lambertii (C–E, AD, A35173; F, AD, A22197; G, AD, A34012). C. Branch apices with cystocarps. D. Transverse section of thallus with tetrasporangia. E. Carpogonial branch system. F. Fusion cell developing gonimoblast filaments. G. Transverse section of cortex with spermatangia. H–M. Callophyllis rangiferina (H, AD, A34855; I, K, M, AD, A35631; J, AD, A35635; L, AD, A33975). H. Branch apices with cystocarps. I. Branch apices with cystocarps, robust plant. J. Branch apices with tetrasporangia. K. Transverse section of thallus with tetrasporangia. L. Carpogonial branch system. M. Transverse section of cortex with spermatangia. [A–M after Womersley & Norris 1971.]
State Herbarium of South Australia