Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Violaceae
Viola hederacea

Citation: Labill., Nov. Holl. Pl. Sp. 1:66 t. 91 (1805).

Synonymy: Erpetion hederaceum (Labill.)Don, Gen. Hist. 1:335 (1831).

Common name: Ivy-leaved violet, native violet.

Perennial stoloniferous herb; glabrous or more or less pubescent; stems short, erect; leaves tufted, glabrous or more or less pubescent, reniform to suborbicular; margins entire to crenate to coarsely sinuate-dentate, the base cordate to truncate to more or less cuneate; petioles 2-6 cm or sometimes longer; stipules linear-lanceolate, 2-8 mm long, glandular-denticulate.

Peduncles to 10cm long, occasionally longer, glabrous or pubescent, bracteoles near the middle; sepals lanceolate, 4-5 mm long, green, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, slightly produced at the base; petals twice the length of the sepals, violet and white, the lateral ones bearded towards the base; anterior petal scarcely pouched at the base; style geniculate near the base, suberect and slightly curved above, terete; stamens to 2 mm long, filaments very short.

Capsule ovoid, 4-6 mm long; seeds ovoid, 1-2 mm long, buff to mottled reddish-brown.

image of FSA2_Viola_hed.jpg Viola hederacea
Image source: fig 452c in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).

Published illustration: Rotherham et al. (1975) Flowers and plants of New South Wales and southern Queensland, fig. 256.

Distribution:  Generally in areas with in excess of 650 mm annual rainfall.

S.Aust.: NL, SL, KI, SE.   Qld; N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas.

Conservation status: native

Flowering time: mainly Oct. — Jan.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: Clinal variation exists in some areas in this rather polymorphic species. There is little variation in floral morphology but a perplexing array of leaf forms is seen.

Author: Not yet available

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