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Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Aizoaceae
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum

Citation: L., Sp. Pl. 480 (1753).

Synonymy: Cryophytum crystallinum (L.)N.E. Br. ex E. Phillips, Gen. S. Afr. Fl. Pl. 245 (1926); Gasoul crystallinum (L.)Rothm., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 15:413 (1941).

Common name: Common iceplant, iceplant.

Prostrate annual or biennial, covered with large glistening papillae; stems stout; leaves thick, flat, undulate, the radical ones ovate-cordate, acuminate, 6-12 cm long, the stem-leaves alternate or opposite, obovate, 2-4 cm long, those on the flowering branches alternate, all stem-clasping at the base of the short broad 3-nerved petioles.

Flowers on short terminal or leaf-opposed peduncles; perianth c. 10 mm long; lobes unequal, the 3 outer ones truncate, the 2 inner ones smaller; petaloid staminodes white, much longer than the perianth.

seeds reticulate.

image of FSA1_Mesembryanthemum_cry.jpg fruit opening under moisture fl= covering flaps, pl = perianth lobe s = septum. fruiting and basal leaf.
Image source: fig. 115 in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).

Published illustration: Cunningham et al. (1982) Plants of western New South Wales, p. 294.

Distribution:  S.Aust.: NU, GT, EP, NL, MU, YP, SL, KI, SE.   W.Aust.; N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas.   Native to South Africa.

Conservation status: naturalised

Flowering time: Sept. — Feb.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Uses: Grown as a garden ornamental.

Author: Not yet available

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