Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Rubiaceae
Galium australe

Citation: DC., Prod. 4:608 (1830).

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: Tangled bedstraw.

Perennial with many usually little-branched stems up to 35 cm long from a somewhat woody base, scrambling; weak stems quadrangular to almost terete later, glabrous or with a few short hairs bent back but usually with at least a few hairs or papillae on the leaf sheath and/or the node; leaves and stipules equal or subequal, in whorls of 4, lanceolate to elliptic, 4-11 mm long, acute and rarely with colourless setae, glabrous except for a few short hairs pointing towards the apex of the leaves along the mid-vein on the upper surface, spreading.

Inflorescence axillary, usually 1 per node, with 1-3 flowers, with slender peduncles longer than the subtending leaves; corolla white.

Fruit c. 1.5 mm long, with 2 reniform mericarps touching one another each densely covered with brown hooked hairs; fruiting pedicels spreading at about right angles, to one anther.

Published illustration: Curtis (1963) Stud. Fl. Tas. 2:273, fig. 71.

Distribution:  along the coast.

S.Aust.: KI, SE.   W.Aust.; N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas.

Conservation status: native

Flowering time: Fruits: Dec. — Feb.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Taxonomic notes: Only one specimen of this species from near Mount Gambler has been seen but in a specimen of G. migrans from KI one typical fruit was perhaps accidentally included. The wide distribution given by J. Black (1957) is probably based on the widely held belief that forms of G. migrans with recurred hairs (as opposed to hooked hairs) should be included here.

Author: Not yet available

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