Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Orchidaceae
Thelymitra fuscolutea

Citation: R. Br., Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 315 (1810) var. fuscolntea.

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: Leopard sun-orchid, blotched sun-orchid.

Generally rather stout, 15-45 cm high; leaf the widest in the genus, ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, contracted and sheathing at the base, very variable, 4-12 cm long and 1.5-5 cm wide.

Flowers 2-6, 30-35 mm diam., yellowish marked with dark-brown spots, c. 2.5 cm diam.; perianth-segments elliptic-lanceolate, acuminate, 14-16 mm long; column 7-8 mm long including the wings, but very short (only 2 mm) below the anther; wings voluminous, produced behind and beyond the anther in the form of a canopy or broad hood, without definite lateral lobes, the upper margins dissected into dentate or linear processes, a dorsal thickening from the base produced upwards into an undivided clavate appendage rather shorter than the linear processes, the summit of the hood in front of the appendages densely woolly; anther at its apex produced into a long recurved finger-like process, concealed, except its apex, behind the stigma; stigma situated in the concavity formed by the wings at the base of the column; rostellum prominent in the upper border of the stigma; no caudicle; flowers autogamous.

Published illustration: Cady & Rotherham (1970) Australian native orchids in colour, pl. 22; Pocock (1972) Ground orchids of Australia, pl. 142; Hoffman & Brown (1984) Orchids of south-west Australia, p. 28.

Distribution:  Occurs singly or in small numbers in gravelly loams or sand in forest or heathland but uncommon.

  W.Aust.; Vic.

Conservation status: native

Flowering time: Oct. — Dec. (flowers more freely after fire).

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Author: Not yet available

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