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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Santalaceae
Santalum acuminatum

Citation: A. DC., Prod. 14, 2:684 (1857).

Synonymy: Fusanus acuminatus R. Br., Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 355 (l 810); Eucarya acuminata (R. Br.)Sprague & Summerh., Kew Bull. 1927:196 (1927). , Mida acuminata

Common name: Quandong, native peach, sweet quandong, katunga, burn-burn.

Shrub or small tree usually under 5 m high; branchlets often pendulous; leaves opposite, light- or olive-green, lanceolate, often curved, when young acute or acuminate with a short curved point, the older leaf often thick and with prominent lateral veins, usually 5-19 X 0.3-c. 1.5 cm.

Flowers in a terminal pyramidal panicle shorter than the leaves, 3-4 mm long; perianth whitish to cream; disk red; style very short, 2-lobed.

Drupe globular, red, 1.5-3 cm diam., endocarp deeply pitted; perianth persistent.

image of FSA1_Santalum_acu.jpg
Image source: fig. 85a in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).

Published illustration: Cunningham et al. (1982) Plants of western New South Wales, p. 227.

Distribution:  S.Aust.: NW, LE, NU, GT, FR, EA, EP, NL, MU, YP, SL, SE.   All mainland States. Black's (1948) record of its occurrence on KI has, however, not been confirmed.

Conservation status: native

Flowering time: throughout the year but mainly Oct. — May.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: Both the fleshy pericarp and the kernel in the endocarp are edible.

Author: Not yet available

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