Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia genus Fact Sheet

Family: Santalaceae

Citation: L., Sp. Pl. 349 (1753).

Derivation: Greek santalon, from Arabic sandal, the Indian sandalwood.

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: None

Glabrous shrubs or trees; bark brown or dark-grey, rough; leaves mostly opposite but a few sometimes alternate or in whorls of 3, persistent on final branches, petiolate, 1.5-19 cm long.

Flowers fairly small, bisexual, pedicellate in terminal or axillary panicles, each subtended by a small caducous bract; perianth of 4 fleshy segments, each segment with a tuft of hairs behind the stamen; anthers 2-celled, opening in parallel slits; filaments short, incurved over the notches of the disk or erect; ovary inferior or semi-inferior, with the receptacular tube turbinate, campanulate or funnel-shaped; disk thick, concave, with 4 short erect obtuse lobes; style short or long; stigmas 2-4.

Fruit a drupe, ovoid or globular, with a hard smooth or pitted endocarp, perianth persistent or leaving a circular scar.--Eucarya T.L. Mitchell, Three Exped. Int. eastern Austral. 2:100 (1838); Fusanus sensu R. Br., Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 355 (1810), non Murray.

Distribution:  About 30 species in south-east Asia and Australia. 6 Australian species. The species in S. Aust. appear to be well-defined but may be difficult to identify without complete material.

Biology: No text

Key to Species:
1. Flowers 5-8 mm long; perianth caducous; fruit to 1.5 cm diam. (leaves all opposite, glaucous-green, acute when young; but leaf characters not entirely satisfactory)
S. lanceolatum 2.
1. Flowers 3-4 mm long; perianth often persistent; fruit 2-3 cm diam. (leaves not usually as above)
2. Some of the leaves in whorls of 3 or alternate, most acute and dark- or grey-green, usually less than 4 mm broad; perianth caducous
S. murrayanum 3.
2. Leaves all opposite, light- or olive-green (or if dark- or grey-green then most subobtuse), usually more than 4 mm broad; perianth persistent at least until fruit is virtually ripe
3. Leaves light- or olive-green, some when young usually acute or with a curved point, usually 5-19 cm long; endocarp deeply pitted
S. acuminatum 1.
3. Leaves dark- or glaucous-green, usually subobtuse, usually 3-6 cm long; endocarp smooth
S. spicatum 4.

Author: Not yet available

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