F. Muell., Fragm. Phyl. Aust. 1:83 (1859).
Synonymy: Not Applicable
Common name: Australian boxthorn.
Intricately branched shrub 0.5-1.5, rarely to 2.5 m high; ultimate lateral branchlets leafy, usually ending in a spine and up to 5 cm long; initial single leaves early deciduous; subsequent leaves in clusters of 5-10, thick and fleshy, narrowly obovoid to ellipsoid, slightly compressed, flat when dry, 3-25 x 1.5-3 (rarely to 5) mm, grey-green.
Pedicel 2-5, rarely to 10 mm; corolla 8-12 mm long, creamy-white to pale-lilac with darker markings in the throat and tinged brownish-purple outside; lobes 2-3 x 1.5-3 mm; stamens included or scarcely exserted.
fruiting calyx not deeply split; berry ovoid to ellipsoid, orange-red, 4-8 x 2.5-5 mm; seeds 1.5-2 x 1-1.5 mm, dull-yellow.
Image source: fig. 566A in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).|
Cunningham et al. (1982) Plants of western New South Wales, p. 587.
In open arid shrublands, often in depressions in subsaline, usually clayey soils, sometimes in dense colonies; also in arid mallee and woodland.
S.Aust.: NW, LE, NU, GT, FR, EA, EP, NL, MU, YP, SL. W.Aust.; N.S.W.; Vic.
Flowering time: throughout the year but mainly spring and early summer.
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
The ripe berries are edible, and the seeds are probably distributed by birds.
Sometimes confused with Nitraria billardierei (Zygophyllaceae), Scaevola spinescens (Goodeniaceae) or Lawrencia squamata (Malvaceae).
Not yet available