Paul G. Wilson, Nuytsia 3:63 (1980).
Synonymy: Salicornia indica Willd., Neue Schr. Ges. naturf. Freund. Berl. 2:111 (1799).
Common name: None
Decumbent perennial to stout erect shrub; articles cylindrical to obovoid, frequently glaucous; margin entire or ciliolate.
Spikes terminal, smooth and cylindrical and up to 4 cm long or ovoid and up to 2 cm long; bract-pairs truncate or deeply lobed, margin entire or ciliolate; flowers coalescent or free, completely enclosed or with the apex exposed, ascending; apex rounded or obtuse; perianth thin or fleshy; lateral lobes large; abaxial lobe within the laterals, minute or equal to them in size.
Fruiting spike leathery, corky or spongy; fruitlets laterally compressed; perianth soft and spongy; pericarp hard and horny all over, adherent to the perianth, eventually splitting in the sagittal plane; seed ovate to circular; testa membranous, very pale-brown; spike disarticulating with age; bracts and perianth frequently swelling when wet.
Williams (1984) Native plants of Queensland 2:151 .
Flowering time: No flowering time is available
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
H. indica differs markedly in its anatomy from all other members of the Salicornieae in having only a single layer of palisade cells within which is a layer of thick-walled chlorenchymatous cells that frequently become lignified.
A very variable taxon which is considered by some authors to consist of several species. This is partly because, except for Australia, each country contains only one of the variants; in Australia all variants occur and intergrade with each other. The following subspecies represent the more obvious of the numerous variants.
Key to Infraspecific taxa:
||1. Spike cylindrical or ellipsoid, lowest ring of bracts small; vegetative articles truncate or shallowly lobed
||subsp. leiostachya 5b.
||1. Spike ovoid, lowest ring of bracts large and deeply lobed; vegetative articles deeply lobed
||subsp. bidens 5a.
Not yet available