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Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Proteaceae
Hakea francisiana

Citation: F. Muell., Fragm. Phyt. Aust. 1:20 (1858).

Synonymy: Hakea multilineata sensu J. Black, Fl. S. Aust. 267 (1948), auct. non Meissner; Hakea multilineata Meissner var. grammatophylla sensu J. Black, Fl. S. Aust. 267 (1948), auct. non F. Muell. , Hakea coriacea

Common name: Grass-leaved (or bottle-brush) hakea.

Shrub or tree to over 8 m high, branches erect, branchlets softly pubescent, at length glabrescent; leaves ascending, narrow-linear, 8-26 cm X 3-10 mm, with 3-9 longitudinal veins, the apex acuminate, 1.5-5 mm long, fragile.

Involucral cone elongating to c. 3 cm, inflorescence a raceme of c. 150-500 deep-pink, orange-red or red flowers; rhachis 5-9 cm long, glabrous to pubescent; pedicel 0.8-3.5 mm long; perianth 3.3-7.5 mm long, limb 1.7-2.5 mm long; anthers linear, 1.2-1.7 mm long; gland oblique, entire, 0.3-0.4 mm long in lateral view; pistil 16.5-23.5 mm long; pollen-presenter a cone 1-1.7 mm long with a broad-elliptic thick basal flange 0.6-0.8 mm long.

Fruit 1.4-2.6 cm long, smooth, the pericarp often breaking free, in median view broadly ovate-acuminate, 1.2-2 cm wide, in lateral view ovate, 1-1.4 cm wide, with a broad beak terminated by a narrow beak c. 1 mm long, with 2 broad layers of wood beside the lower half of the seed cavity; seed obliquely obovate, 10-22 X 5.5-7.5 mm, body 5-10 mm long, wing entire or erose at the apex, narrowly decurrent down one side, brown-black.

image of FSA1_Hakea_fra.jpg twig with flowers, flower, pistil, internal and external veiw of fruit
Image source: fig. 73a in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).

Published illustration: Beek & Foster (1972) Wildflowers of South Australia.

Distribution:  In sandy soil of dunes, swales and plains, in sclerophyllous scrubland, woodland or open forest.

S.Aust.: NW, NU, GT, EP.   W.Aust. (Old records from Fulham and Henley Beach, SL region of S.Aust. are probably of cultivated origin).

Conservation status: native

Flowering time: mid July — Oct.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Author: Not yet available

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