Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
Census of SA Plants, Algae & Fungi
Identification tools

Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Orchidaceae
Eriochilus cucullatus

Citation: Reichb. F., Beitr. Syst. Pfl. 27 (1871).

Synonymy: Epipactis cucullata Labill., Nov. Holl. Pl. Sp. 2:61, t. 218 (1806); Eriochilus autumnalis R. Br., Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 323 (1810).

Common name: Parsons bands.

Slender, 7-22 cm high dark-green above, usually ribbed, glabrous or pilose, smooth; leaf 1, and often purplish-tinged below, radical, ovate, acute, often small at the time of flowering, continuing to develop in size thereafter.

Flowers 1-3, pink and white; dorsal sepal erect, 7-8 mm long, spathulate, green or greenish-brown; lateral sepals 12-17 mm long, white to white-pink, elliptical-lanceolate; petals erect, linear-falcate; labellum about as long as the petals, the erect part glabrous, often with minute lateral lobes; the recurved part much wider, ovate, with transverse ridges or reddish hairs; column c. 5.7 mm, with narrow wings below the stigma; pollinia 8, lamellate, hard and waxy; an anterior and posterior pair in each anther cell, the 2 pairs united by their apices into a common sharp point (or false-caudicle) which is adherent to the viscid disk on its own side of the anther-septum; stigma rectangular or semicircular, very prominent and concave, situated just below the anther, with 2 viscid disks on its upper border and close together on each side of the middle line; no definite rostellum.

Published illustration: Fitzgerald (1885) Australian orchids vol. 2, pt 2; Cady & Rotherham (1970) Australian native orchids in colour, pl. 45; Curtis (1980) Student's flora of Tasmania 4A:pl. 14.

Distribution:  A widespread common species present in a wide variety of soil types and habitats from coastal heaths to rocky outcrops inland, from grassland and swamp to dense forest.

  Qld; N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas.

Conservation status: native

Flowering time: Feb. — May.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Author: Not yet available

Disclaimer Copyright Disclaimer Copyright Email Contact:
State Herbarium of South Australia
Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Department for Environment and Water