Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
Census of SA Plants, Algae & Fungi
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Electronic Flora of South Australia genus Fact Sheet

Family: Orchidaceae

Citation: R. Br., Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 323 ( 1810).

Derivation: Greek erion, wool; cheilos, a lip.

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: None

Terrestrial glandular-pubescent or hairy (rarely glabrous) herbs, originating from more or less globular underground tubers; leaf glabrous, solitary, at the base or nearer the middle of the stem, ovate or lanceolate; no empty stem bracts above the leaf.

Flowers resupinate, pink or white, 1 or 2, more rarely multi-flowered in a spike or raceme, each subtended by a short loose ovate bract; no empty stem bracts above the leaf: dorsal sepal erect, slightly incurved, concave; lateral sepals longer, spreading, elliptical, contracted into distinct narrow stipes: petals nearly as long as the dorsal sepal, usually narrower, erect or slightly spreading; labellum much shorter, sessile, on a long erect narrow-oblong base, the margins often produced into erect lateral lobes; expanded and much recurved above, the terminal part very convex, entire, glandular-villous; column erect, elongate, narrowly winged; anther erect, blunt, valvate, 2-celled; outer valves large, folded over and concealing the small inner valves: pollinia 8, waxy or granular, 4 pear-shaped masses in each cell united below into a short acute common apex adherent on each side to a small viscid disk; the 2 disks situated close together on the upper border of the stigma.

Distribution:  3 known species confined to Australia.

Biology: No text

Author: Not yet available

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