Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Leguminosae
Acacia verniciflua


Citation: A. Cunningham in Field, Geogr. Mem. N.S.W. 344 (1825).

Derivation: vernis (probably old English)--varnish; flua (Latin)--referring to the resin. ~

Synonymy: Racosperma vernicifluum (A.Cunn)Pedley, Austrobaileya 2:357 (1987).

, Acacia binervata, Acacia gracilis, Acacia leprosa third variant, Acacia verniciflua first variant, Acacia virgata

Common name: Varnish wattle

Tall, slender, viscid shrubs or small trees 3-5 m high; branches slender, slightly angular-striate, erect or spreading, becoming less resinous on mature stems.

Phyllodes oblong to linear-lanceolate or narrow-elliptic, 4-12 cm long, 5-15 mm broad, straight or slightly curved, viscid, glandular-dotted, 2 longitudinal veins with the one near the centre usually more prominent than the other just in from the margin, lateral veins few and obscure, apex acute usually shortly mucronate; glands small, one near the base and sometimes up to 3 additional glands scattered along the upper margin.

Inflorescences axillary, mostly twin or ternate on a very short thick common peduncle; flower-heads globular, bright yellow, 50-60-flowered; peduncles 5-10 mm long, viscid, slightly hairy; flowers 5-merous.

Legumes linear, 6-10 cm long, 4-5 mm broad, straight or curved, biconvex, viscid and greenish when young, becoming less viscid and brown when mature, glabrous, apex acute, margins straight or slightly constricted between seeds. Seeds longitudinal in legume; funicle short, with two or three short folds under a small aril.

Distribution:  In South Australia restricted to a small area in the Southern Lofty region. It is found in valleys and on hillsides, associated with Eucalyptus obliqua and E. baxteri in open forest. Soils: mainly hard acidic yellow duplex. Rainfall 800-1200 mm. Also Qld, N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic. and Tas.

S.Aust.: MU, SL, SE.

Conservation status: Lang & Kraehenbuehl (1987) consider this species to be Uncommon.

Flowering time: July — September.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Related taxa: Acacia dodonaeifolia is very similar but differs in having 1 prominent vein. Acacia stricta phyllodes are not viscid or glandular dotted, but have numerous fine lateral veins.

Cultivation: The glistening resinous foliage and bright yellow flowers make this an attractive ornamental shrub. Suitable for planting in high rainfall areas. Fast growth rate.

Author: Not yet available



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