Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Leguminosae
Acacia spilleriana


Citation: J.E. Brown, Forest FI.S.Aust. 7th. Pt. t.31 (1886).

Derivation: The name commemorates E. Spiller, an early Government Printer of this Colony.

Synonymy: A. brachybotrya Benth. var. spilleriana (J.E. Brown)F. Muell. ex Maiden, The Forest Flora of New South Wales 6:48 (1914), t.200.

Common name: None

Bushy, compact, rounded, spreading, grey-green shrub 1-3 m tall, bark smooth; branchlets densely hoary pubescent.

Phyllodes elliptic to oblong elliptic less often to obovate, slightly asymmetric, apex rounded, 2-3 cm long, 1-1.8 cm wide, firm, grey-green, new shoots sometimes silvery, fallen phyllode bases persistent; marginal and main vein prominent, lateral veins obscure. Glands inconspicuous, just above the pulvinus.

Inflorescence of few globular heads from a short common peduncle. Peduncle 5-8 mm long; pedicel 1-2.5 cm; flower-heads globular, about 1 cm diam., mostly exceeding the phyllode, bright yellow, flowers 5-merous.

Legumes to 5.5 cm long, 1.4-1.8 cm wide, firm, glabrous, dark grey when mature but with a white bloom, often with only 1-2 seeds setting, not constricted between the seeds. Seeds oblique, 5-6 mm long, 3-4 mm wide; funicle short thickened into an obliquely terminal aril.

Distribution:  Restricted to the northern Mt Lofty Ranges between Tarlee and Burra. Substantial populations of this species occur along the road between Worlds End and Emu Downs where it crosses Scrubby Range.

S.Aust.: EP, NL, MU, SE.

Flowering time: Flowering commences in August and is at its peak in September with pods available from September to December.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Related taxa: Closely related to A. brachybotrya (sp. 12) from which it differs in its broader phyllodes and legumes and from A. argyrophylla (sp. 14) which has narrower phyllodes, golden pubescence, longer legumes and longitudinal seeds. Further study of the relationships of all three is desirable as distinctions are often difficult to achieve.

Cultivation: Could make a useful large shrub with greyish leaves and showy yellow flowers.

Author: Not yet available


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