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Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Leguminosae
Acacia pravifolia


Citation: F. Mueller, Fragm. Phyt. Aust. 1:4 (1858).

Derivation: pravus (L.)—crooked; folium (L.)—leaf.

Synonymy: Racosperma pravifolium (F. Muell.)Pedley, Austrobaileya 2:354 (1987). , Acacia sublanata

Common name: None

Small, erect, rigid, prickly, pubescent shrubs 0.5-2 m high, with numerous intricate branches; branchlets striate, covered with erect stiff short white hairs. Phyllodes broadly triangular and humped on upper margin, 4-12 mm long, 3-7 mm broad, flat, rigid, with scattered hairs, one main vein running to the acute pungent point, 2-4 less prominent veins arising from near the base of the main vein.

Inflorescences simple and axillary, solitary; flower-heads slightly elongated golden-yellow, 8-15-flowered, a very obtuse hood-shaped bracteole covering each flower in bud; peduncles short or about as long as phyllodes with a pair of brown basal bracts; flowers 5-merous.

Legumes linear but curved, twisted and spirally coiled usually with 2-4 closely pressed coils (like a Medicago) c. 5 mm broad, dark brown, pubescent. Seeds longitudinal in legume, ovoid; funicle short, soon thickened.into an oblique fleshy aril.

Distribution:  From near Gladstone in the Northern Lofty region then with a few scattered occurrences in the Flinders Ranges region, northwards to near Nepabunna and extending eastwards to Bibliando Station just into the Eastern region. Usually in woodland or tall and low shrubland vegetation on rocky hillsides, valleys and creek banks; between Quorn and Hawker this species is associated with Callitris columellaris and Acacia quornensis. Soils; mainly shallow calcareous loamy soils. Rainfall 250-400 mm. Also Qld and N.S.W.

S.Aust.: FR, EA, NL, MU.

Conservation status: Lang & Kraehenbuehl (1987) consider this species to be Uncommon to Rare.

Flowering time: July — September.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Related taxa: Closely related to Acacia sublanata, a northern Australian species. Acacia gunnii (sp. 24) is similar in phyllode form but differs in having one prominent vein.

Cultivation: A small, interesting phyllode form suitable for inland areas as an ornamental for rockery planting. Moderate growth rate.

Author: Not yet available


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