Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
Census of SA Plants, Algae & Fungi
Identification tools

Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Leguminosae
Acacia loderi


Citation: J. H. Maiden, J. Proc. R.Soc. N.S.W. 53:209 (1920).

Derivation: loderi—in honour of Andrew Charles Loder (1861-flour. 1910), an Assistant Forester at Broken Hill.

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: nealie or nelia

Tall shrubs or small trees 3-7 m high, either a single or multi-stemmed with spreading umbrageous canopies, habit similar to that of a. papyrocarpa (sp.84); branchlets sometimes drooping, slightly angular, minutely pubescent but becoming terete and glabrous with age; bark grey, rough, flaky and fissured.

Phyllodes linear, 7-11 cm long, 1.5-2 mm broad, straight or slightly curved, terete-compressed, appressed pubescent, silvery pubescent when young, numerous fine parallel longitudinal veins; apex terminating in a fine delicately curved point; glands basal.

Inflorescences in axillary clusters of 2-6 heads; flower-heads globular, yellow, c. 25-flowered; peduncles short and hoary; flowers 5-merous.

Legumes markedly moniliform, 6-11 cm long, c. 4 mm broad, chartaceous, not reticulate, light brown, finely pubescent to almost glabrous. Seeds longitudinal in legume, ellipsoid, brownish; funicle slightly undulate or with a few short folds below the small aril.

Distribution:  Recorded only in the Eastern and Murray regions on "Mutooroo", "Oakbank" and "Oakvale" stations near the N.S.W. border, in low woodland and tall shrubland, associated with Casuarina cristata, Maireana (Bluebush), Atriplex (Saltbush) and Senna spp. Intermediate forms between A. loderi and A. papyrocarpa with legumes rather narrow and constricted between the seeds (not markedly moniliform), have been recorded from Tarcoola, Kingoonya and the Copper Hills area east of Mount Willoughby. Soils; crusty alkaline and neutral red duplex. Rainfall 150-200 mm. Also western N.S.W.

S.Aust.: LE, EA, MU.

Conservation status: Lang & Kraehenbuehl (1987) consider this species to be Rare in this state.

Flowering time: August — October.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Related taxa: Often difficult to distinguish from A. papyrocarpa (sp. 84) unless legumes are present and these differ in being broader and scarcely constricted. Intermediate forms have been recorded (see above).

Taxonomic notes: A single collection of Amyema preissii, wire-leaved mistletoe is the only one so far recorded on Acacia loderi.

Cultivation: Suitable as an ornamental and shade tree in dry inland areas, somewhat palatable to stock.

Author: Not yet available


line drawing

Disclaimer Copyright Disclaimer Copyright Email Contact:
State Herbarium of South Australia
Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Department for Environment and Water