Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
Census of SA Plants, Algae & Fungi
Identification tools

Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Leguminosae
Acacia hakeoides


Citation: G. Bentham, Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 1:354 (1842).

Derivation: hakea--plant name (Proteaceae); oides (Gr.)--resemblance.

Synonymy: Racosperma hakeoides (A. Cunn. ex Benth.)Pedley, Austrobaileya 2:349 (1987).

Common name: Hakea wattle

Tall, bushy, glabrous, spreading shrubs, 1-4 m high; branchlets numerous, ascending, smooth, grey brown, slightly angular towards the apex; has a suckering habit if roots are disturbed.

Phyllodes narrow obovate, oblanceolate, 4-12 cm long, 3-12 mm broad, flat, thick, straight or slightly curved, mid-vein slightly eccentric, lateral veins obvious, oblique and reticulate, apex usually obtuse with a small reddish-brown gland, a second gland on the upper margin, usually just below the middle of the phyllodes.

Inflorescences axillary and glabrous, racemes sometimes almost as long as phyllodes, consisting of 6-12 rather densely placed heads; flower-heads yellow, globular, c. 25-flowered; peduncles short, spreading, stout, rather thick, glabrous; flowers 5-merous.

Legumes linear, 7-10 cm long, 4-7 mm broad, moniliform, curved, dark brown, apex usually acute; margins thickened, light brown. Seeds longitudinal in legume; funicle short, gradually thickening into a clavate aril.

Distribution:  Common in the Nullarbor region (southern part) in near coastal areas eastward across the Eyre Peninsula into the Flinders Ranges, Eastern, Northern and Southern Lofty, Yorke Peninsula and Murray regions and also the South-Eastern region around Bordertown. Mainly in open scrub, associated with Eucalyptus socialis and E. gracilis. Soils: mainly brown calcareous earths. Rainfall 250-500 mm. Also W.Aust., Qld, N.S.W. and Vic.

S.Aust.: LE, NU, FR, EA, EP, NL, MU, YP, SL, SE.

Flowering time: July — September.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Related taxa: Allied to Acacia wattsiana as to phyllode characters but differing markedly in flower and legume characters.

Taxonomic notes: The only mistletoes found on Acacia hakeoides have been two collections of Amyema preissii.

Cultivation: Suitable as an ornamental, for low shelter belts and for roadside planting. Fast growth rate.

Author: Not yet available


line drawing

Disclaimer Copyright Disclaimer Copyright Email Contact:
State Herbarium of South Australia
Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Department for Environment and Water