Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
Census of SA Plants, Algae & Fungi
Identification tools

Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Leguminosae
Acacia gracilifolia


Citation: J. H. Maiden & W. F. Blakely, J. Proc. R. Soc. N.S.W. 60:191 t. 18 (1927).

Derivation: gracilis (L.)—graceful, slender; folium (L.)—a leaf.

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: None

Slender, glabrous, resinous shrubs 1-2 m high with a short slender stem, dividing into a few ascending branches; branchlets angular with reddish-brown, resinous ridges.

Phyllodes filiform, 5-10 cm long, c. 1 mm diam., straight or curved, somewhat compressed, viscid, deeply grooved on either face with 4-6 rather obscure resinous veins in all, apex with a small oblique mucro, 1-4 small glands situated along the upper margin of the phyllodes.

Inflorescences simple, 1-3 per axil; spikes dense, short, cylindrical to almost globular, bright yellow; peduncles pubescent, 5-8 mm long; flowers 5-merous.

Legumes linear, 5-7 cm long, c. 2 mm broad, viscid, raised over seeds, margins slightly constricted, tapering and acute at both ends. Seeds longitudinal in legume, obloid; funicle short with a few folds beneath seed, aril small.

Distribution:  Endemic to S.Aust., restricted to the Flinders Ranges (southern part) and also the Northern Lofty region. It grows on rocky hillsides and in gorges in open woodland scrub in association with Eucalyptus odorata and E. socialis. Soils; shallow compact loam. Rainfall 400-500 mm.

S.Aust.: FR, NL.

Conservation status: Lang & Kraehenbuehl (1987) consider this species to be Rare to Vulnerable but conserved. Briggs & Leigh (1988) list it as Rare but conserved.

Flowering time: August — November.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Related taxa: Acacia barattensis (sp. 70) is a similar resinous shrub, but differs in having flattened phyllodes and 4-merous flowers.

Cultivation: An attractive ornamental shrub with dark green phyllodes and bright yellow flowers. Fast growth rate.

Author: Not yet available


line drawing

Disclaimer Copyright Disclaimer Copyright Email Contact:
State Herbarium of South Australia
Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Department for Environment and Water