Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Leguminosae
Acacia cibaria


Citation: F. Mueller, Melbourne Chemist & Druggist Australasian Suppl. 5(51)26 (1882).

Derivation: cibarius (L.)— relating to food.

Synonymy: A. aneura var. stenocarpa Benth., Fl.Austral., 2:403 (1864). A. brachystachya auct. non Benth., nomen dubium.

Common name: turpentine mulga

Woody shrub or small tree to 6 m high, bark grey, finely fissured; hairs dense on growing points but less so on developed surfaces, hairs simple or glandular.

Phyllodes ascending, narrow linear, rarely terete, 6-10 cm long, 0.5-3 mm wide, grey-green, opaque resin often present, numerous fine parallel longitudinal veins only visible under a lens; glands small, basal.

Inflorescence simple spike 1-2 cm long, oblong; peduncle 0.4-1.2 cm long, with simple and glandular hairs, flowers 5-merous.

Legumes 1.5-7.5 cm long, 4-8 mm wide; flat when young later turgid, not winged; densely pubescent later glabrescent; reticulate veins clear, slightly resinous, more plainly longitudinal than transverse. Seeds longitudinal, 5-8 mm long, 3-5 mm wide, oval, glossy golden brown; funicle filiform .swollen into a subterminal aril.

Distribution:  All mainland States except Victoria. In South Australia widely spread in the arid areas including North Western, Lake Eyre, Gairdner-Torrens and upper Flinders Ranges.

Flowering time: This Acacia has been collected in flower between July and December with its principal flowering in September.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Taxonomic notes: Mistletoe infestation of A. cibaria seems to be infrequent but it is probably not always critically distinguished from A. aneura, mulga. Almost equally low numbers of four species have been recorded, Amyema maidenii, pale-leaved mistletoe, A. preissii, wire-leaved, Lysiana exocarpi, harlequin and 2 records of L. subfalcata, northern mistletoe, the only other record of which is on Acacia victoriae.

Cultivation: As for A. aneura, mulga.

Author: Not yet available


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